Prostate surgery may be performed to remove the entire prostate if it is cancerous (a radical prostatectomy) or to remove part of an enlarged prostate to restore normal flow of urine.
- general or epidural anesthesia may be used
- for a prostatectomy, the surgeon makes several small incisions in the lower abdomen or near the scrotum
- a laparoscope (with a tiny camera) is inserted to allow the surgeon to view the area around the prostate
- thin surgical instruments are inserted to cut out and remove the prostate through the incision
- for urine flow surgery, an endoscope (with a tiny camera) is inserted through the tip of the penis into the urethra